The dedication of a group of experts from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) and Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp) resulted in the paper “O uso do mel de abelha associado ao Ananas comosus no tratamento da tosse irritativa aguda” [Use of honey associated with Ananas comosus in the treatment of acute irritative cough], which was published in the end of 2016 at Revista Paulista de Pediatria, and is about to be included in the Cochrane Review.
The paper aimed to assess the rate of immediate improvement of the irritative cough in patients treated using an association of Ananas comosus extract in honey, and to compare it with the isolated use of honey. Data revealed that the improvement rates were similar between the groups, which made the researchers conclude that honey has a therapeutic effect on the characteristics of mucus and cough.
The inclusion criteria of patients in the study were: children aged between 2 and 15 years with irritative cough for at least 24 hours. Patients with previous history of obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, neuropathies, cardiopathies, diabetes and identifiable primary or secondary immunodeficiencies were excluded. Patients should present acute cough due to viral infection of the upper airways, which is considered by the presence of febricula or fever associated with coryza or secretion that lasts less than 72 hours without the presence of bronchospasm.
The study results show a decrease in the number of cough episodes in both groups, as well as in the cough score after 30 minutes of administration of medication or honey. The change of clinical score above two, which could indicate a highlighted improvement, occurred in only five patients from the group with extract and in only one of the placebo, i.e. there was no significant difference.
This study included the specialists Décio Medeiros Peixoto, José Angelo Rizzo, Deborah Schor, Alverinda Rêgo Silva, Dinaldo Cavalcanti, Dirceu Solé and Emanuel Sarinho.
The article can be accessed in the link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27181342